Haplogroup h4a1

This is a list of haplogroups of historic people. Haplogroups can be determined from the remains of historical figures, or derived from genealogical DNA tests of people who trace their direct maternal or paternal ancestry to a noted historical figure.

Some contemporary notable figures have made their test results public in the course of news programs or documentaries about this topic; they may be included in this list too. MtDNA results indicate direct maternal descent while Y-DNA results indicate direct paternal descent; these are only two of many lines of descent. Scientists make inferences of descent as hypotheses which could be disproved or modified by future research.

These are results from 'ancient' samples, those collected from the remains or reputed remains of the person. Birger Magnusson was the ancestor of a line of kings of both Sweden and Norway, starting with his son, Valdemar, King of Sweden.

The Cheddar Manthe nickname for the ancient human excavated from Cheddar Gorge, is in mitochondrial haplogroup U5a.

haplogroup h4a1

His approximate date of death was BCE. All three men excavated belong to Y haplogroup Qwith subclade not analysed. The Ongud claimed descent from the Shatuo. His two wives were all princesses of Yuan Dynasty. It was very important for the Yuan dynasty to maintain marriage-alliance with the Onguds, which had been very important assistant since Genghis Khan.

About 16 princesses of Yuan dynasty were married to khans of the Ongud. This indicates that he was closely related to modern Native Americans. Analysis of mtDNA from " Kostenki 14 ", also known as the " Markina Gora skeleton ", a male early modern human who was interred approximately 30, years ago, at Markina Gora near Kostyonki on the River Don in Russia, has shown that it belongs to the U2 subclade. A lock of hair kept at a reliquary at Saint-Maximin-la-Sainte-Baume basilica, France, which local tradition holds belonged to the biblical figure Mary Magdalenewas allegedly assigned to mitochondrial haplogroup K.

Luxembourg – A Place

The mummy " Juanita " of Peru, also called the "Ice Maiden", has been shown to belong to mitochondrial haplogroup A. His results matched those of a cousin, Prince Nikolai Trubetskoybut showed a heteroplasmy — a mix of two different sequences — indicating a recent mutation.

To further confirm the identity, the tsar's brother, Grand Duke Georgewas exhumed and found to have the same mitochondrial heteroplasmy. Koptev C and CG, This identity was confirmed by match to that of her grand-nephew, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. As part of the same analysis mitochondrial types were determined for four further individuals, thought to have been the Royal Physician and servants. The remains of the younger of the two women buried with the Oseberg Ship were tested and discovered to have mtDNA of U7.

The tomb of the Duke of Peng and his wife presumed to be a Zhou royal house member was excavated; the Duke of Peng is reportedly haplogroup Q-M Richard III's mitochondrial haplotype was inferred from living descendants and then the identity of his remains confirmed through a multidisciplinary process including genetic analysis of both his mitochondrial and Y-DNA.

In order to verify whether the body of a woman entombed near Sweyn II of Denmark in Roskilde Cathedral is that of his mother Estrid, mtDNA from pulp of teeth from each of the two bodies was extracted and analysed. Based on the observation of two HVR1 sequence differences, it was concluded that it is highly unlikely that the woman was the king's mother.

It was not discussed in a academic study that included DNA profiling of some of the male mummies of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egyptand was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Based on the unverified images, iGENEA claimed that Tutankhamun belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup R1b1a2[31] [32] a claim that was rejected as "unscientific" by members of the team that had actually analysed the Eighteenth Dynasty mummies.

The original researchers also stated they had not been consulted by iGENEA before it published the haplogroup information.K2a is a primary subclade of haplogroup K2 Mwhich in turn is a primary descendant of haplogroup K M9. In addition, K-Y, which appears to be a primary branch of K-M, has been found in three living individuals from India. While Poznik used the name "K2a1" for K-M, this has not been widely adopted possibly because K2a1 has also been as an alternate name for less-closely related haplogroups.

Poznik et al. The above findings by Poznik et al. K-Y xY has been found in a living male from India. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In addition, while K-Y is not specifically mentioned by researchers such as Poznik et al. In addition, according to Poznik et al. Main article: Haplogroup NO. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. March Genome Research. David Poznik et al. Scientific American. Retrieved 24 October Human Mutation.

Access date: 1 February Nature Genetics. In the past, other haplogroups, including NO M and K2e had also been identified with the name "K2a". See: Poznik op.Should we start with the test-taker and add the category to each woman in the mother line?

haplogroup h4a1

You say to add the category " in profiles along all females and their sons for a single generation! See for example this list of everyone in your direct maternal line:. It makes more sense to me to just put the earliest known direct maternal line ancestor in a category.

Categories All categories The Tree House Thanks Peter for clarifying this. Can you make it an answer and we make it the best one? I'm not sure how much good the haplogroup alone will do but I am willing to consider any hint and some DNA testing companies will give you your Y and MT haplogroups even though you have not taken those specific tests. If you have not taken the mtDNA test, categories would seem to be the only way to use the haplogroup information.

You are certainly right, Peter, that this would be a lot of extra work and I doubt that a category page with eventually thousands of names will be very useful. Also, while I think it is a fair but not infallible assumption that the paper-trail mother is the source of the haplogroup, I don't think we can make a similar assumption for yDNA. Your comment on this question: Your name to display optional : Email me at this address if a comment is added after mine: Email me if a comment is added after mine Privacy: Your email address will only be used for sending these notifications.

To avoid this verification in future, please log in or register. Your answer Your name to display optional : Email me at this address if my answer is selected or commented on: Email me if my answer is selected or commented on Privacy: Your email address will only be used for sending these notifications.

Your comment on this answer: Your name to display optional : Email me at this address if a comment is added after mine: Email me if a comment is added after mine Privacy: Your email address will only be used for sending these notifications. Females and males inherit the mitochondrial DNA from their mother but only daughters can give it to the next generation makes sense because man need another female which is then the introduction of a different all female line to their kids.

Then along the mother to her mother to her mother you should add the category page of that mtDNA haplogroup. If there is none such category page, ask for help or create and link it to the higher category yourself. Related questions. Recent Activity Hot Questions. Powered by Question2Answer.

haplogroup h4a1

Email me at this address if a comment is added after mine: Email me if a comment is added after mine. Privacy: Your email address will only be used for sending these notifications. Email me at this address if my answer is selected or commented on: Email me if my answer is selected or commented on.It may be enough to help your genealogy however, because H4is not common in all European populations.

The most valuable input every member makes in this project is to enter the most distant ancestor in their maternal line with name, place and date. Even if your furthest maternal line is not in your ancestral country, such as Europe yet, if you are of European origins then it is worth putting your data point into your personal details, since someone elsewho has got further back may recognise that their family tree ran through that location.

But your knowledge, understanding and skills help others too. Are you enthusiastic about social, political, cultural historyand pre-written history, languages and linguistics, archaeology, art and graphic design? If you allow the administrators to have access to the FGS Coding Region results of all tests you will be assigned to the correct sub-clade.

To do this after joining the project, pleasenote that you must go to your User Preferences and allow administrators tosee the Coding Region results of the FGS. By joining this project, you reaffirm the Terms and Conditions of the Family Tree DNA Website, in particular those pertaining to participation in Projects, which describe the possible public display by some Projects Managers of member results, and your right to opt out of certain display settings, which may be found on the Family Tree DNAWebsite here.

The full mtDNA sequence test contains some genes inthe coding region cr. By default these results are unavailable to the Project Administrators. You may choose to allow your Project Administrators to view your coding region results most people do by selecting Yes or No in the Results Display Settings section of your Account Settings page. H4 is among the oldest H clades, with about 20 differences from the revised Cambridge Reference Sequence being pretty typical.

This could be derived for the whole human race once the Neanderthal mtDNA sequence was known. Using the supplementary data on page 91 from the published work of Behar gives the following table of the last mutation, for the H4 haplogroup. SD is the normal way of expressing the uncertainty in a measurement and it stands for standard deviation. But if you are a pure H4 with no extra mutations then the last common ancestor could be 12, years ago or more.

But nearly everyone has extra mutations. The women were still in this general area when the sub-clades of H4a mutated from the H4 parent years ago and then later H4b mutated years ago from a different H4 female line, not necessarily in the same local population.

This then aligns H4a in Europe where Europe means everywhere west of the Urals and with the H4b in the Arabian countries. Other H haplogroup women could be elsewhere when the other subclades mutated from their parent. Some large surveys of haplogroups only break down to the major groups, of say H and then go on to do detail work on another clade. So it is strangely difficult to get a breakdown in some countries.

Only when samples are above people can you say that it is probably not present. Most of the surveys do not do a detailed enough analysis to find the H4 subclades. Barral-Arca But 0. Total sample size Some of the Caucasian countries have no H4 people.

If you have the computer tools and skills to plot these figures on a map like the Eupedia figures than that would be a wonderful contribution to this project.We process personal data about users of our site, through the use of cookies and other technologies, to deliver our services, personalize advertising, and to analyze site activity. We may share certain information about our users with our advertising and analytics partners.

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Haplogroup H4a1

Previous 1 2 template Next. Finally got my test results back, wooo! Anyway, being female, I obviously couldn't order any of the Y chromosome testing, which is a bit of shame, since it seems like the guys have all the fun tests available to them because of the faster mutation rate. Oh, well. In short, is my great-great-great Also, I myself am listed in the database as having my most-remote matrilineal female ancestor from Poland and my most-remote patrilineal ancestor from Ukraine.

How do I update both fields so that they'll include the comment line " Ashkenazi " that I see in some of the results? Thanks in advance for any help. Tags: None. Yes, it is possible that you have a maternal ancestress who is a shiksa. It could be a lot older than that, though, long before the time of Abraham when nobody was Jewish. There simply isn't enough information yet to fine-tune the haplogroups as much as we all would like.

I for example am a "J", which is neareastern in origin back 10, years. Every month they find that this haplogroup, which was thought to be rare in Europe, is more and more common. As the database grows, so do the number of "J" people. You may find that the number of Jewish "H" people grows as more Jewish females are tested.

Send him an email. Comment Post Cancel. I am not Jewish. My mother's parents came from England. I would interested to learn more about the H group and C mutation and what all this means! Whether J is the only haplogroup of the origional mtDNA of the Jewish people is Very disputable, 12 tribes, each with a few wives could make for a Very intreasting mtDNA make up, don't you think?

It is safe to assume, if you grew up in an Orthodox Jewish community, had a Shomrei Shabbath home, that your ancestors also followed halacha and converted any women they married.The clade is believed to have originated in Southwest Asia[1] around 20, to 25, years ago.

It first expanded in the northern Near East and Southern Caucasus soon, and later migrations from Iberia suggest that the clade reached Europe before the Last Glacial Maximum. The haplogroup has also spread to parts of Africa, Siberia and inner Asia.

The Haplogroup H&HV mtGenome Project: H4 - mtDNA Test Results for Members

Haplogroup H is a descendant of haplogroup HV. The Cambridge Reference Sequence CRSwhich until recently was the human mitochondrial sequence to which all others were compared, belongs to haplogroup H2a2a1 human mitochondrial sequences should now be compared with the ancestral Reconstructed Sapiens Reference Sequence RSRS.

Haplogroup HV derives from the haplogroup R0 which in turn derives from haplogroup R is a descendant of macro-haplogroup N like its sibling M, is a descendant of haplogroup L3. Haplogroup H has also been found among Iberomaurusian specimens dating from the Epipaleolithic at the Taforalt and Afalou prehistoric sites.

Additionally, haplogroup H has been found among specimens at the mainland cemetery in KulubnartiSudanwhich date from the Early Christian period AD Among all these clades, the subhaplogroups H1 and H3 have been subject to a more detailed study and would be associated to the Magdalenian expansion from SW Europe c.

H1 encompasses an important fraction of Western European mtDNA lineages, reaching its local peak among contemporary Basques The clade also occurs at high frequencies elsewhere in the Iberian Peninsulaas well as in the Maghreb Tamazgha.

The rare H1cb subclade is concentrated among Fulani groups inhabiting the Sahel. These locally born individuals were dated to the 10th century and carried the H haplotype, which is exclusive to the Canary Islands and Algeria. H3 represents the second largest fraction of the H genome after H1 and has a somewhat similar distribution, with peaks in Portugal, Spain, Scandinavia and Finland.

Example of H3 sub-groups are: [30]. H5 may have evolved in West Asia, where it is most frequent and diverse in the Western Caucasus. However, its H5a subclade has a stronger representation in Europe, though at low levels. Haplogroup H10 is subclade which came into existence between 6, and 10, years ago. Haplogroup H10e has been found at a neolithic site, namely the Bom Santo cave near Lisbon.

H11 is commonly found in Central Europe. H18 occurs on the Arabian Peninsula. These haplogroups are both found in the Caucasus region.Yet outside consumer genetics, the word haplogroup is still unknown.

Your haplogroup, or genetic branch of the human family tree, tells you about your deep ancestry—often thousands of years ago—and shows you the possible paths of migration Your haplogroup, or genetic branch of the human family tree, tells you about your deep ancestry—often thousands of years ago—and shows you the possible paths of migration taken by these ancient ancestors.

Your haplogroup also places you within a community of relatives, some distant, with whom you unmistakably share an ancestor way back when. You inherited your mitochondrial DNA purely from your mother, who inherited it from her mother, and her mother, and so on. Today, all members of haplogroup H1 are direct descendants from the first H1 woman that lived thousands of years ago.

The origin of haplogroup H1 continues to be a debate as well. Most researchers suggest it was born in the Middle East between 10, and 15, years ago, and spread from there to Europe and North Africa. However, ancient DNA studies show that its ancestral haplogroup H first appears in Central Europe just 8, year ago.

Its vast diversity and high concentration in Spain and Portugal, suggests H1 may have existed there during the last Ice Age, and spread north after glaciers melted.

Yet others postulate that its young age and high frequency indicate it spread as agriculture took shape in Europe. Any of the scenarios is possible. As technology improves, more DNA is extracted and sequenced from ancient bones, and more people contribute their DNA to the Genographic Projectwe will keep learning about H1, and all other haplogroups.

It is because of participants contributing their DNA, their stories, and their hypotheses to science that we can carry forward this exciting work uncovering our deep genetic connections. December 24, Haplogroup H3, sister branch to H1 The origin of haplogroup H1 continues to be a debate as well. Happy Haplogroups! Miguel Vilar. Miguel is also a molecular anthropologist and a science writer. His fieldwork has taken him to remote places throughout the South Pacific, East Africa, Mesoamerica, and the Caribbean.

In the laboratory he researches the modern genetic diversity of human populations from Melanesia, Micronesia, North and Central America, and the Caribbean. Miguel has published in several anthropology and genetics journals, as well as popular science magazines.