IPTV and igmp proxy. Last edited by zytus on Sat Sep 13, pm, edited 2 times in total. I think in mikrotik must be igmp proxy feature. I don't know are this feature implemented or not When i use dd-wrt i don't need to touch any settings, but i can't use MT. But i can't make it work. May be i need another version? Mine is nor working. I have "wan" interface, pppoe on this interface, masquerade on both. I tried different settings, but it isn't working. Please, help!
Re: IPTV and igmp proxy Wed Jan 07, pm better add separate interfaces, so you have more control over what is doing what for testing purpose, you can make some multicast traffic PIM-SM and check if it gets correctly through igmp proxy data stream. But nothing works. If yes that as?
I 'm changing channel on vlc, but mt doesn't leave previous. So after i change 3 channels, everything download universal windows apps with xaml and c unleashed - 3x3.
Iptv started working with all clients that are connected on hotspot or pppoe server. But now another problem occured. When iptv runs in vlc or app the internet stopped working with some clients and hotspot page doesn't appear in the browser and internet service break down and iptv started run. How to get both traffic without any problem.
Did any one knows about it. Who is online Users browsing this forum: BartoszPthanhtrungtyronzn and guests.My BT YouView box is on ether5 of the RB and is connected via a network switch with several other devices on the same subnet.
For detailed information on why these steps work see the forum post at this link. The forum post advises a static IP address or separate subnet for the You View box. I did not need that.
The above works for me with my network set up. Hopefully, it is sufficiently generic to work for you. If you are moving home to an area served by a different exchange Premitel can help you keep your existing phone numbers.
We used a mini-DSLAM that was designed to provide internet connectivity in tenanted premises for up to 48 endpoints using existing telephone cabling. One of my customers wanted to watch videos that were stored on their laptop on their large screen TV by using an HDMI cable to connect the two devices.
I have listed below the steps that need to be taken: ensure that you have the IGMP package installed on your Mikrotik. Search Search ….
The clients must extract the content which is interesting for them. It can be seen as a satellite TV broadcast equivalent: The satellite on the sky sends all programs data streams only once. Broadcast is one to many transmission mechanism which reduces network server load, allowing delivery of IPTV to thousands of recipients. Broadcast IP addresses range is from Best practice for streaming is to use the range from In a broadcast set-up, each switch within the network will repeat all incoming traffic and transmit it to any connected device.
The streaming traffic floods the entire network regardless of whether a particular client device requests a particular program or not. Broadcast can be used for a very limited number of programs and bandwidth. Otherwise assuming a mere 30 programs at 4Mbps each will flood the network and each receiver network interface, and will simply not work. Multicast streaming is similar to broadcast in the sense that the streamer head-end transmits each SPTS video stream only once regardless of the number of clients that will view it.
The client device receives only the stream it requests. Comparing with the broadcast case example, each client receiver will have an income of only 4Mbps instead of Mbps. This simply could be the difference between working and not working. The Internet Group Management Protocol IGMP is a communications protocol used by clients and their adjacent routers or switches to allow clients to inform the network of the desire to receive, continue receiving or stop receiving a multicast stream.
IPTV em rede Multicast - MUM - MikroTik
Layer 2 switches by themselves cannot support IP multicast service. Enabling IGMP snooping on a layer 2 switch in a LAN segment in which no layer 3 switch exists can result in intermittent multicast connectivity and severe packet loss.
Multicasting with Layer 3 switches is much more efficient than with Layer 2 switches because it identifies the multicast packet and sends it only to the intended receivers. The range of IP addresses reserved for multicast is Simply enable the programs which you want to stream from the streamer data Ethernet port, and type the multicast address and port you want to use for each program.
Unicast is one to one connection between the streamer head-end and the client device. One sender to one receiver. Unicast transmission requires no additional network configuration, so it becomes the preferred streaming structure for point to point program transmission.
When the network or the client devices cannot handle IGMP, the use of unicast prevents flooding receiver devices and computers in the network, or the network itself. Unicast is the predominant form of transmission within the public internet for the good reason that people who send traffic over the internet, cannot manage the network infrastructure. Each unicast client that connects to the server uses its own bandwidth. Ensure that the headend service IP, and the client receiver are in the same network segment.
RTP can be used equally. In the example, client on If you want to play the second program on the Understand Digital Video Distribution over IP networks to save bandwidth and prevent network flooding. Click image to open expanded view.Since RouterOS 3.
IP Multicast is a technology that allows one-to-many and many-to-many distribution of data on the Internet. Senders send their data to a multicast IP destination address, and receives express an interest in receiving traffic destined for such an address.
The network then figures out how to get the data from senders to receivers. If both the sender and receiver for a multicast group are on the same local broadcast subnet, then the routers do not need to be involved in the process, and communication can take place directly.
If, however, the sender and receiver are on different subnets, then a multicast routing protocol needs to be involved in setting up multicast forwarding state on the tree between the sender and the receivers. PIM means "platform independent multicast" - i. SM means "sparse-mode"; as opposed to dense-mode, in sparse-mode protocols explicit control messages are used to ensure that traffic is only delivered to the subnets where there are receivers that requested to receive it.
In addition to the routing protocols used to set up forwarding state between subnets, a way is needed for the routers to discover that there are local receivers on a directly attached subnet. For IPv4, multicast addresses are in the range Addresses within Addresses in Mostly these addresses are used by applications that do not require communication to other networks. Here are some assigned hostgroup addresses by the internet assigned numbers authority IANA :.
When a receiver joins a multicast group, the multicast routers serving that receiver's subnet need to know that the receiver has joined so that they can arrange for multicast traffic destined for that group to reach this subnet. The basic IGMP mechanism works as follows.
When a multicast receiver joins a multicast group it multicasts an IGMP Join message onto the subnet on which it is joining. The local routers receive this join, and cause multicast traffic destined for the group to reach this subnet.
If there are multiple multicast routers on the subnet, then one of them is elected as the sole querier for that subnet. If the join is not refreshed in response to queries, then the state is removed, and multicast traffic for this group ceases to reach this subnet. PIM-SM relies on an underlying topology-gathering protocol to populate a routing table with routes.
The routes in this table may be taken directly from the unicast routing table, or it may be different and provided by a separate routing protocol such as Multi-protocol BGP. Regardless of how it is created, the primary role of the MRIB in the PIM-SM protocol is to provide the next-hop router along a multicast-capable path to each destination subnet.
Data flows along the reverse path of the Join messages. Thus, in contrast to the unicast RIB which specifies the next-hop that a data packet would take to get to some subnet, the MRIB gives reverse-path information, and indicates the path that a multicast data packet would take from its origin subnet to the router that has the MRIB.
In phase one, a multicast receiver expresses its interest in receiving traffic destined for a multicast group. When many receivers join the group, their Join messages converge on the RP, and form a distribution tree for group G that is rooted at the RP. This is known as the RP Tree RPTand is also known as the shared tree because it is shared by all sources sending to that group.
Join messages are resent periodically so long a the receiver remains in the group. However if the Prune message is not sent for any reason, the state will eventually time out.
A multicast data sender just starts sending data destined for a multicast group. The sender's local router DR takes those data packets, unicast-encapsulates them, and sends them directly to the RP.The bridge feature allows the interconnection of hosts connected to separate LANs using EoIP, geographically distributed networks can be bridged as well if any kind of IP network interconnection exists between them as if they were attached to a single LAN. As bridges are transparent, they do not appear in traceroute list, and no utility can make a distinction between a host working in one LAN and a host working in another LAN if these LANs are bridged depending on the way the LANs are interconnected, latency and data rate between hosts may vary.
Network loops may emerge intentionally or not in complex topologies. Without any special treatment, loops would prevent network from functioning normally, as they would lead to avalanche-like packet multiplication. Each bridge runs an algorithm which calculates how the loop can be prevented.How to setup IPTV (IGMP) on Mikrotik RouterOS
All other alternative connections that would otherwise form loops, are put to standby, so that should the main connection fail, another connection could take its place. This algorithm exchanges configuration messages BPDU - Bridge Protocol Data Unit periodically, so that all bridges are updated with the newest information about changes in network topology.
R STP selects a root bridge which is responsible for network reconfiguration, such as blocking and opening ports on other bridges. The root bridge is the bridge with the lowest bridge ID.
To combine a number of networks into one bridge, a bridge interface should be created later, all the desired interfaces should be set up as its ports. One MAC address will be assigned to all the bridged interfaces the MAC address of first bridge port which comes up will be chosen automatically. Warning: Changing certain properties can cause the bridge to temporarily disable all ports. This must be taken into account whenever changing such properties on production environments since it can cause all packets to be temporarily dropped.
Such properties include vlan-filteringprotocol-modeigmp-snoopingfast-forward and others. RouterOS bridge interfaces are capable of running Spanning Tree Protocol to ensure a loop-free and redundant topology.
For small networks with just 2 bridges STP does not bring much benefits, but for larger networks properly configured STP is very crucial, leaving STP related values to default may result in completely unreachable network in case of a even single bridge failure. To achieve a proper loop-free and redundant topology, it is necessary to properly set bridge priorities, port path costs and port priorities.
This can cause incompatibility issues between devices that does not support such values. To avoid compatibility issues, it is recommended to use only these priorities: 0,, Depending on needs, either one of them can be used, some devices are able to run some of these protocols using hardware offloading, detailed information about which device support it can be found in the Hardware Offloading section.
There are a lot of considerations that should be made when designing a STP enabled network, more detailed case studies can be found in the Spanning Tree Protocol section. There might be certain situations where you want to limit STP functionality on a single or multiple ports. Below you can find some examples for different use cases. In this example BPDUs will not be sent out through ether1. In case the bridge is the root bridge, then loop detection will not work on this port.
If another bridge is connected to ether1then the other bridge will not receive any BPDUs and therefore might become as a second root bridge.
You might want to consider blocking received BPDUs as well. Note: You can use Interface Lists to specify multiple interfaces. In this example all received BPDUs on ether1 are dropped. This will prevent other bridges on that port becoming a root bridge.
A root bridge always sends out BPDUs and under normal conditions is waiting for a more superior BPDU from a bridge with a lower bridge IDbut the bridge must temporarily disable the new root-port when transitioning from a root bridge to designated bridge.
If you have blocked BPDUs only on one side, then a port will flap continuously. In this example if ether1 receives a BPDU, it will block the port and will require you to manually re-enable it. Note: In case you want to assign Simple Queues Simple QoS or global Queue Trees to traffic that is being forwarded by a bridge, then you need to enable the use-ip-firewall property.
Without using this property the bridge traffic will never reach the postrouting chain, Simple Queues and global Queue Trees are working in the postrouting chain. Starting with RouterOS v6. Interface lists are useful for creating simpler firewall rules, you can read more about interface lists at the Interface List section. Below is an example how to add interface list to a bridge:.
This can be done using the move command.Why should I put multiple routers for normal?? I'm tired of these network problems. It could be even correct, none knows how you have set it. Chupaka Forum Guru. Re: IPTV Tue Aug 23, pm we don't have access to your conversations with Support it's community forum, we are just people like you.
For every complex problem, there is a solution that is simple, neat, and wrong. Your life. Your routing. Write to support, not here. As said, this is an user forum. Re: IPTV Tue Aug 30, pm if reading my postsyou would see that the support staff does not respond to them. If not, don't post, that is your choice, but refrain from dragging us in your war on this forum. BartoszP Forum Guru. If you want help from us just ask for it. The email says that we don't have IGMP snooping and that we may work on it in future.
That's an official response. No answer to your question? How to write posts. If you are not willing to wait, obtain devices of other manufacturers that are you sure will provide whole set of features you need. Why are you asking? Are you suprised that router is not all-in-one solution?RouterOS supports a lot of different features and since every installation requires specific set of features supprted it is possible to add or remove certain groups of features using package system.
As result user is able to control what features are available and size of installation. Packages are provided only by MikroTik and no 3rd parties are allowed to make them. Packages can be downloaded from MikroTik download page or mirrors listed on that page. Either of provided download methods can be used. For a simple home router, only the system package is needed for basic operation. Other packages are optional. Other packages are not required for a home router, and are completely optional.
Install them only if you are sure of their purpose. Note: Since v6. Commands executed in this menu will take place only on restart of the router.
Until then, user can freely schedule or revert set actions. Upgrade process is described here. Jump to: navigationsearch. Categories : Manual System Basic Install. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in. Namespaces Manual Discussion. Views Read View source View history. Navigation Main Page Recent changes. This page was last edited on 27 Mayat Dynamic Host Control Protocol client and server.