Post a Comment. Imagine that you are starting a new job, where you encounter yet another new automated toolset you haven't heard of before. It means that you have: Even more documentation to read, and research notes to compile. Code for another open-source automation toolset on GitHub to figure out. Yet another proof-of-concept you want to put together. This is why I blog: The only way to keep my head on straight is to take copious amounts of research notes. This blog is where I store them.
Am I struggling with a concept that I just can't get? If I blog about a problem I am having, and point to the post on Twitter, I get excellent feedback from the automation community. Thank you all so much! Take a look at January 's project, Automate Amazon. You have: Build Configuration file, written as either with Apache Maven pom.Implementing Cucumber BDD in Serenity Framework
Page Object classes that encapsulate the functionality on the page such as dropdown list boxes, radio buttons and text boxes. Public methods are created to, say, investigate the header text, or enter text into a textbox. Action classes that bundle the ili9341 library adafruit object methods together, such as when you want to loginAs String username, String passwordand want to combine methods to enter usernames, passwords, and click on Login buttons.
Driver classes that set up the browser you are going to run the web user interface test on. There are so many pre-conditions and moving parts, how the heck can anyone keep it all straight! Luckily, there are scaffolding tools: Software tools that build out a skeleton of a project, sample working code, and the folder structure.
Some tools, such as this Yeoman generatorare written by fans of the product. Some, though, are written by the author of the automation toolset, itself! For this blog post, we will be taking a look at Maven Archetypesespecially the ones that John Ferguson Smart, is the founder and lead developer of Serenity BDD created. We wanted a standard way to build the projects, a clear definition of what the project consisted of, an easy way to publish project information and a way to share JARs across several projects.
We hope that we have created something that will make the day-to-day work of Java developers easier and generally help with the comprehension of any Java-based project". An archetype is defined as an original pattern or model from which all other things of the same kind are made. The names fits as we are trying to provide a system that provides a consistent means of generating Maven projects. Archetype will help authors create Maven project templates for users, and provides users with the means to generate parameterized versions of those project templates.
The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. However, i need to know what is the command for creating similar skeleton serenity project using Gradle.
Or it might not be possible? Or i need to create project using maven then i can start using gradle for that. I am currently learning Serenity and i will appreciate your help. Gradle doesn't have an "archetype" command, but the Maven archetype should generate gradle build scripts. David, If you run maven archetype, it will generate Build.
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Viewed times. Active Oldest Votes. John Smart John Smart 1 1 gold badge 4 4 silver badges 4 4 bronze badges. Thanks John to reply. I liked your serenity videos and looking forward to implement Serenity in my Project. Can you provide a link that documents how Maven archetypes generate Gradle scripts?
Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name. Email Required, but never shown.My personal feelings aside, however, many testers still find themselves in the Cucumber camp, either by choice or simply because they are in an environment that has made the choice for them. This can be helpful when starting out because a Cucumber archetype is available to help you with the setup of a new project.
But in case you are curious, you can use the archetype by filtering on Serenity, like this:. Ah, the joys of bloated XML, huh? Depending on your level of Maven knowledge, all of what I say here may be well-known to you.
Serenity integrates well with Maven due to the use of a Maven plugin for Serenity, which you can see is included in the above POM file, at lines to As part of the settings for the plugin, note that I generate the Serenity aggregate reports during the post-integration test phase and specify the aggregate goal to generate those reports. This would be as opposed to running the tests as unit tests.
Rather, I want all tests to be executed. This is what allows Serenity to actually build up an aggregate report. If any tests have failed, a build failure will be triggered during the verify phase of the lifecycle. Again, this is all provided by the maven-failsafe plugin, which Serenity is being used with.
In the default configuration of the maven-failsafe plugin, only files matching a certain pattern will be considered integration tests. An admittedly brute force approach but, in this case, it gets the job done. The surefire plugin kicks in when you do an mvn clean test rather than the above command. This plugin looks for a different set of default files than maven-failsafe. Finally, you do need to add the Serenity dependencies to your project.
You will typically add the Serenity core and then some other dependency that corresponds to the testing library you are using. I happen to be using Cucumber here so I have to make sure to add the Serenity Cucumber plugin to the project. Lines 73 to 77 show that as part of the dependencies.
In other words, I might have high-level scenarios that are executed via Cucumber but then I have lower-level checks that I might want run as part of the test execution, but not tied to specific feature files. Serenity provides integration with the tool. With Cucumber you write scenarios in feature files.
Using Serenity with Cucumber, Part 2
The format of the story files is based on a structural API known as Gherkin. Much of these files are written in the plain English that you want to express your scenarios in.
The structural elements — such as keywords like Scenario, Given, When, Then — are used to allow the files to be instrumented such that they can be passed into automation tools for execution.
These feature files can be placed in different locations, but you can reduce the amount of configuration if you place them in a location that Serenity will expect them to be in. Within that directory, create another called features. By default, Serenity supports a simple directory-based convention for organizing your requirements. The standard structure uses three levels: capabilities, features and stories. A story is represented by a Cucumber.
Put the following in it:.
This information will never be turned into an executable context, as the scenario will, but it can serve as a bit of context for the overall feature.In the first post of this seriesI got us set up with a Serenity repository using Maven as our build tool.
I also started us on the path of applying Cucumber-JVM by putting a feature file in place. In Serenity, the Cucumber tests are run via a JUnit runner. What Cucumber does is provide a mechanism that essentially consumes a Gherkin-style feature file and then uses its internal API to break that feature file down into parts, effectively crafting an abstract syntax tree.
Create a package in a way that you normally would: a domain package and then a more specific contents package. Within that package, create another package called features. In this package, create a class called RecordTodos. This is going to be our runner class. So what goes in here? Depending on how familiar you are with Cucumber, you might wonder how this runner is going to do anything with the feature file that we created in the last post.
Does this matter? Strictly speaking, no. If the feature files are not in the same package as the test runner class — as is the case with my example so far — then you also need to use a CucumberOptions class to provide the root directory where the feature files can be found.
Okay, wait a minute. That means this particular runner, when executed as part of the JUnit runner, will only execute that particular feature file. In Cucumber-JVM you will often have multiple runners. These multiple runners can be used to point at specific feature files, specific directories of feature files, or the entire root directory for all feature files.
Technically, this configuration using CucumberOptions is not necessary. In other words, you could match the runner package in your resources as such:.
A convention of Cucumber-JVM is to automatically look for feature files in the resources directory that match the package from which the runner is executing. This setting is used to override the location of the requirements.
So you would have to do this:. Things work perfectly fine even if I do not include that property. My current impression is that this conflates the two domains a bit and constrains how flexible I can be. That being said, it also depends on the configuration you do or do not want in place. If you abhor the idea of using CucumberOptions, then a package matching structure would likely be good for you. While you will likely be using the Serenity aggregate reports, you can certainly still generate Cucumber-specific reports as you need to.
Keep in mind that the runner you are using is no different than that which you would use with Cucumber-JVM itself. So, for example, if you wanted to generate the simple Cucumber HTML output, you could add the following to your runner:.
In Cucumber, each line of the Gherkin scenario maps to a method in a Java class. These classes use annotations that match the Gherkin keywords, like Given, When and Then. Those annotations are used to instrument methods that will be called when a given line is recognized from the feature file, via token extraction that is done from the regular expressions contained with the annotations. In that package, create a class called RecordTodoSteps. In fact, if you are using a Cucumber-aware IDE — like IntelliJ or Eclipse — you should find that the feature file itself will now indicate that this particular step has been found in the code, whereas the other two have not.
Cucumber has the notion that any step succeeds unless an assertion or expectation makes it demonstrably fail. So right now we have a scenario that is ultimately pending, but with one passed step. Run this:. You should see something like this in your report:.The Screenplay Pattern is a powerful and elegant approach to designing and implementing automated tests, providing a number of improvements over more traditional approaches such as the Page Objects model.
The Screenplay Pattern uses good software engineering principles such as the Single Responsibility Principle, the Open-Closed Principle, favours composition over inheritance, employs thinking from Domain Driven Design to reflect the domain of performing acceptance tests and steers you towards effective use of layers of abstraction.
It encourages good testing habits and well-designed test suites that are easy to read, easy to maintain and easy to extend, enabling teams to write more robust and more reliable automated tests more effectively. You can find some details about the origins of the Screenplay Pattern in this article. In this tutorial, you will discover just how easy it is to get productive quickly with Serenity and the Screenplay pattern.
We will introduce the core concepts behind the Screenplay pattern and how it is implemented in Serenity along the way. The source code for this tutorial can be found on Github. The easiest way to create a project skeleton for a Serenity Screenplay project is to use the Maven Archetype Plugin. To do this, run the mvn archetype:generate command with a filter to reduce the number of artifacts Maven proposes as shown here:. This will after downloading list all of the available Serenity screenplay archetypes.
For this tutorial, we will be working with JUnit, so enter the number corresponding to the net. You will then be prompted to enter a groupId, artifactId, and version for your project, and a root package for your classes. Open the index. This should look something like this:. Screenplay tests are expressed from the point of view of one or more actors. Actors have abilitiessuch as the ability to browse the web using a browser. Actors perform business-focused tasks to achieve their goals, such as "Search for a term".
Actors can also ask questions about the state of the application, such as checking the state of the result screen. Serenity Screenplay adds a highly readable DSL to structure and express your tests in terms of business tasks. The first test we will write will simply check that when you add a new todo item to the list, it appears in the list.
This will represent the application capability to record todo items. Inside this package, create a new test class called AddItemsStory like the following:. Next, we will add an actor to our scenario. Add the following line to your class to cast Justin as an actor in our scenario:.
Now in this scenario we are testing a web application, so we need to give Justin a browser to use. Other tests might need other abilities, such as the ability to query a web service or a database. Serenity manages the WebDriver lifecycle for us - all we need to do is to declare a variable for the browser in the test, and assign it to our actor:.Working with any java framework not so difficult as setting up an environment for it.
Nothing fits so good for this role as footer links. Each Product page should contain the product name in the page title and in the page header. Maven makes preparation of any project easier. In order to create a simple Thucydides project I need to use just two dependencies:. It can be either a part of some web-application project or as a stand alone project.
Everything depends on how are you planning to organise your code. This tutorial have following folder structure:. In general the project contains four packages. Each of them serves for a particular task: Requirements, Pages, Steps, Tests. There are two reasons for this. First of all it is the most simple part of the test development, because Requirements are the simple empty classes, but with some annotations. The second one reason is that you have to know which functional areas need to be automated.
Therefore make sense to create Requirements classes before Test classes.
Serenity BDD: infrastructure setup
On a programming level you can make Requirement class by Feature annotation. Despite Serenity BDD allows to manage Requirements in a very flexible way, providing three levels for them, I decided to create one class for all static page on the site, then one class for the Footer links and the last one for the links from the Product section.
What about Pages? How to define which web-elements and methods need to be placed into the Pages classes? In order to solve the problem we need to look ahead and to analyse which functionality Tests will check. According the User Story, user need to interact with the Footer links and check page titles and page headers. Hence I need to add into the Pages classes appropriate web-elements and methods.
The code snippet above demonstrates how Page class can be formed. But I definitely have to provide some information about the Thucydides specific code. As I mentioned in the first article Thucydides has very elegant annotations, e. Each Page class must extend PageObject. I hope that you will find enough information by the links above.
Roughly speaking, all pages of a web application can be broken up using this approach on separate Page classes in order to split the site functionality on many small actions.The selling points of this framework are that it integrates your acceptance tests BDD with reporting and acts like living documentation.
It can also integrate with JIRA and all that jazz. There are many tools out there that can do that. That is really nice! It maybe goes a little too far to say a totally non-technical person could set up the framework, but it was pretty easy. Using your favorite IDE, all you had to do was import a Maven archetype we used a demo project and all the Serenity dependencies are downloaded for you. We would recommend using Java 7 at least, Java 6 gave us problems. The demo project tests ran alright, but we noticed it was quite slow!
The reason is probably that Serenity takes a screenshot at every step of your test. You can configure this setting, thankfully. This report looks really good! You get a general overview and can click on each test step to see the screenshots. We tried to do it in a little TDD cycle. Run the test, let it fail and let the output give you a hint on how to implement the step definitions.
Beyond the step definition you had to use your Java skills to implement the actual tests. The IDE integration is very good in my opinion.
With the Community IntelliJ edition you have all the plugins you need to speed up your workflow. The reporting is indeed the most beautiful I had seen, personally.
Would we recommend changing your existing framework to Serenity? Unless your test reports are shit: no. There is in fact a small downside to using this framework; for now there are only about 15 people who actively contribute.
You are of course allowed to join in, but it is a risk that there are only a small group of people actively improving it. If the support base grows, it will be a powerful framework for your automated tests and BDD cycle. The serenity report allow to link test cases with requirementso you get more wholistic picture of your automation run and can drill down based on requirement.
Further you can use various tags specific to serenity which are extremely userful. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.